Structure and Characteristics of cotton twill fabric
Weaving cotton twill fabric is fairly simple and this fabric is extremely durable material that resists tearing and recovers from wrinkles much better than traditional plain weave fabrics. One can easy identify twill fabric because in twill each weft floats across the warp yarns in a progression of interlacing to the right or left, forming a distinct diagonal line. A float is the portion of a yarn that crosses over two or more yarns from the opposite direction.
Unlike a plain weave cloth, a twill fabric has two sides, the front having the more pronounced and more attractive, outward facing side of a garment and the back is called technical back. Denim is a good example of twill fabric which is more durable, more attractive, and most often used as the fashion side of the fabric. The outward side is usually the side visible during weaving with a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs and because of such structure, twills generally drape well.
Generally, twills are used for work clothes, over coats, durable upholstery, and the breathability of twill makes it suitable for attire for any season. Cotton twill is extremely sturdy, drapes very well and tailors easily at the same time it is water and air-resistant nature of the material, coupled with the fact that it tends to hide soils and stains, makes twill ideal for outdoor garments. Sheer fabrics are seldom made with a twill weave because a twill surface has interesting texture and design. You will rarely see printed twills because due to ribs, printing colours don’t fully leave an impression on the fabric. However, if the ribs are not high, which means the fabric is light weight, the printing does work well on twills.
It would be interesting to know that soil shows less on the uneven surface of twills because height of the ribs hides the stains. Technically stains and soils are more visible on smooth surfaces. For the same reason, twill fabrics are used in the furniture industry, so that minor stains become less visible. For the same reason, twills are often used for sturdy work clothing or durable upholstery because soils and stains are less noticeable on twill fabric and it can recover wrinkles faster and resist tear and wear.